teacher reflection on lessons
The first step is to gather information about what happens in the class. They may have the same issue in their classroom and can offer you some ideas on how do things differently. Diary writing does require a certain discipline in taking the time to do it on a regular basis. The Process of Reflection Connecting self-reflection to effective teaching … Self-evaluation is a powerful tool that will help you become a better teacher. Using a list of statements about teaching beliefs (for example, pairwork is a valuable activity in the language class or lexis is more important than grammar) you can discuss which ones you agree or disagree with, and which ones are reflected in your own teaching giving evidence from your self-observation. How much time do you allocate to student talk? With what parts of the lesson did students seem least engaged? You might think or tell someone that "My lesson went well" or "My students didn't seem to understand" or "My students were so badly behaved today.". Are there any resources or techniques that you’d like to see used instead? When building your lessons, you have to create a lesson plan. You may also describe your own reactions and feelings and those you observed on the part of the students. Melissa Kelly, M.Ed., is a secondary school teacher, instructional designer, and the author of "The Everything New Teacher Book: A Survival Guide for the First Year and Beyond. However, we run the risk of our audience making snap judgments about our instruction without truly having the context to support it. This will relate back to the area you have identified to reflect upon. If students are misbehaving - what were they doing, when and why? Despite the lack of concrete evidence supporting reflection in teaching, educators are generally required by many school districts to reflect on their practice as part of the teacher-evaluation process. Was the lesson taught at a reasonable pace? Was the lesson too easy or too difficult for the students? ", How to Facilitate Learning and Critical Thinking, Gradual Release of Responsibility Creates Independent Learners, Daily Planning Questions: Tools for the Secondary Classroom, Ways to Enhance Personal Growth and Development for Teachers, Strategies for Teachers to Maximize Student Learning Time, Lesson Plan Step #8 - Assessment and Follow-Up, What to Do When the Technology Fails in Class, Personality Traits That Help Teachers and Students Succeed, How Teachers Can Build a Trusting Relationship With Their Principal, Teacher Reflection in a Hall of Mirrors: Historical Influences and Political Reverberations, The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action, M.Ed., Curriculum and Instruction, University of Florida. With what parts of the lesson did the students seem most engaged? Connecting self-reflection to effective teaching is a process. Here are a few ways that you can do this: A journal is an easy way to reflect upon what just happened during your instruction. In either case, self-reflection is a technique that can gauge your standing honestly and you should strive to implement it throughout the year. Teacher diary This is the easiest way to begin a process of reflection since it is purely personal. It’ll not only be a learning experience for you, but also an indirect exercise in writing for them. By the time the next new class rolls around, you’ll have a much better, comprehensive toolkit to pull from when it’s time to teach that lesson once again. In addition, teachers reflect on the lesson observed, in conversation with the facilitator, Ntombekhaya (Khaya). We teachers can use reflective teaching as a way to analyze and evaluate our own practices so we can focus on what works. What materials did we use that worked in the lesson? Effective teachers are first to admit that no matter how good a lesson is, our teaching strategies can always be improved—oftentimes it’s why we seek out our colleagues’ opinions. In this way, you can be consistent with how you measure your assessments time after time. As an age-old profession, there are bound to be resources that exist for the problems you’re experiencing. Think critically about what questions you’d like to ask, and encourage your children to express their thoughts thoroughly. Talk to your colleagues about your findings and ask them for advice. Some teachers keep a daily journal while others simply jot down notes about issues that they had in class. You can hand out a simple survey or questionnaire after your lesson to get students’ perspectives about how the lesson went. Whether you’re using a self-reflective journal or trying to get feedback from your students and peers, perhaps the hardest part is actually coming up with the right questions to ask. However, figuring out what to do with that information is quite another. Did the materials keep the students engaged in the lesson? There are several ways teachers can use the information they learned about themselves through reflection. In other words, if a teacher's reflection is distanced by time, that reflection may revise the past to fit a present belief. Self-reflection is important because it’s a process that makes you collect, record, and analyze everything that happened in the lesson so you can make improvements in your teaching strategies where necessary. Whatever the case may be, you should start by collecting information. Julie Tice, Teacher, Trainer, Writer, British Council Lisbon, © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK Go online and read up on effective techniques that can help remedy your situation. Typically, this should not take more than a few moments. © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. Once you have some information recorded about what goes on in your classroom, what do you do?